Battery That Can Be Charged In Just Two Minutes.
Scientists have developed next generation ultra-fast batteries that can be recharged up to 70 per cent in only two minutes and have a lifespan of over 20 years.
The breakthrough has a wide-ranging impact on all industries, especially for electric vehicles, where consumers are put off by the long recharge times and its limited battery life, researchers said.
With this new technology by Nanyang Technology University (NTU) in Singapore, drivers of electric vehicles could save tens of thousands on battery replacement costs and can recharge their cars in just a matter of minutes.
Commonly used in mobile phones, tablets, and in electric vehicles, rechargeable lithium-ion batteries usually last about 500 recharge cycles.
This is equivalent to two to three years of typical use, with each cycle taking about two hours for the battery to be fully charged.
In the new battery, the traditional graphite used for the anode (negative pole) in lithium-ion batteries is replaced with a new gel material made from titanium dioxide.
Titanium dioxide is an abundant, cheap and safe material found in soil.
It is commonly used as a food additive or in sunscreen lotions to absorb harmful ultraviolet rays.
Naturally found in spherical shape, the team has found a way to transform the titanium dioxide into tiny nanotubes, which is a thousand times thinner than the diameter of a human hair.
This speeds up the chemical reactions taking place in the new battery, allowing for superfast charging.
Associate Professor Chen Xiaodong from NTU's School of Materials Science and Engineering and his team will be applying for a Proof-of-Concept grant to build a large-scale battery prototype.
Chen expects that the new generation of fast-charging batteries will hit the market in the next two years.
It also has the potential to be a key solution in overcoming longstanding power issues related to electro-mobility, researchers said.
"Electric cars will be able to increase their range dramatically, with just five minutes of charging, which is on par with the time needed to pump petrol for current cars," added Chen.
"Equally important, we can now drastically cut down the toxic waste generated by disposed batteries, since our batteries last ten times longer than the current generation of lithium-ion batteries," said Chen.
The 10,000-cycle life of the new battery also means that drivers of electric vehicles would save on the cost of battery replacements, which could cost over £3,000 each.
Article based on multiple sources: giganews.com, usenet.net, facebook, twitter, youtube, wikipedia.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
It lies off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula and is 137 kilometres (85 mi) north of the equator.
The country's territory consists of the lozenge-shaped main island, commonly referred to as Singapore Island in English and Pulau Ujong in Malay, and more than 60 significantly smaller islets.
Singapore is separated from Peninsular Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to the north, and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the Singapore Strait to the south.
The country is highly urbanised, and little of the original vegetation remains.
The country's territory has consistently expanded through land reclamation.
The islands were settled in the second century AD and subsequently belonged to a series of local empires.
Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the East India Company with permission from the Johor Sultanate.
The British obtained sovereignty over the island in 1824, and Singapore became one of the British Straits Settlements in 1826.
Occupied by the Japanese during World War II, Singapore declared independence from the United Kingdom in 1963 and united with other former British territories to form Malaysia, from which it was expelled two years later through a unanimous act of parliament.
Since then, Singapore has developed rapidly, earning recognition as one of the Four Asian Tigers.
Singapore is one of the world's major commercial hubs, with the fourth-biggest financial centre and one of the five busiest ports.
Its globalised and diversified economy depends heavily on trade, especially manufacturing, which represented 26 percent of Singapore's GDP in 2005.
In terms of purchasing power parity, Singapore has the third-highest per capita income in the world but one of the world's highest income inequalities.
It places highly in international rankings with regard to education, healthcare, and economic competitiveness.
Approximately 5.4 million people live in Singapore (June 2013), of which approximately two million are foreign-born.
While Singapore is diverse, ethnic Asians predominate: 75 percent of the population is Chinese, with significant minorities of Malays, Indians, and Eurasians.
There are four official languages, English, Malay, Mandarin, and Tamil, and the country promotes multiculturalism through a range of official policies.
Singapore is a unitary multiparty parliamentary republic, with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government.
The People's Action Party has won every election since self-government began in 1959.
The dominance of the PAP, coupled with a low level of press freedom and suppressed civil liberties and political rights, has led to Singapore being classified as a semi-authoritarian regime.
One of the five founding members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), Singapore is also the host of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Secretariat, and a member of the East Asia Summit, the Non-Aligned Movement, and the Commonwealth.
Singapore's rapid development has given it significant influence in global affairs, leading some analysts to identify it as a middle power.
A dreamer is one who can only find his way by moonlight, and his punishment is that he sees the dawn before the rest of the world.