London Underground Unveils New Design Of Trains.
London Underground (LU) Thursday unveiled new designs for its new tubes, expected to come into service in mid-2020.
The new trains will feature better designs, air-cooling systems and accessibility, with step-free access to platforms as well as walk-through carriages and wider doors.
LU said 250 new trains would be built, which would be first introduced on the Piccadilly line (100 trains), followed by the Bakerloo (40), Central (100) and Waterloo & City lines (10).
Building the new trains would also provide jobs and increase growth in Britain, it added.
"These innovative, eye-catching and sleek new trains will be vital for the continued modernization of London Underground," said Boris Johnson, mayor of London.
He said the new trains would ferry millions of people across London more comfortably, reliably and stylishly than ever before.
"The new tube marks a significant step forward in giving Londoners and visitors the accessible and modern transport service that they expect and deserve. These beautiful, air-cooled machines represent the best of British design and innovation. They will help to keep London and its economy moving in the right direction," he said.
When the new trains enter service, capacity will also increase, with the Central line serving 25 percent more commuters (the equivalent of up to 12,000 per hour), the Bakerloo line up to 25 percent, the Waterloo & City lines up to 50 percent and the Piccadilly line up to 60 percent.
The trains will serve London for more than 40 years and will be designed and built to be capable of fully automatic operation.
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The London Underground (also known as the Tube or simply the Underground) is a public rapid transit system serving a large part of Greater London and parts of the home counties of Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Essex.
The system serves 270 stations and has 402 kilometres (250 mi) of track, 55% of which is above ground.
The network incorporates the world's first underground railway, the Metropolitan Railway, which opened in 1863 and is now part of the Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines; and the first line to operate underground electric traction trains, the City & South London Railway in 1890, now part of the Northern line.
The network has expanded to 11 lines, and in 2012/13 carried 1.23 billion passengers, making it the twelfth busiest transit system, behind New York City, Paris, and Madrid, among others.
The system's first tunnels were built just below the surface using the cut and cover method. Later, circular tunnels – which give rise to its nickname the Tube – were dug through the London Clay at a deeper level.
The early lines were marketed as the UNDERGROUND in the early 20th century on maps and signs at central London stations.
The private companies that owned and ran the railways were merged in 1933 to form the London Passenger Transport Board.
The current operator, London Underground Limited (LUL), is a wholly owned subsidiary of Transport for London (TfL), the statutory corporation responsible for most elements of the transport network in Greater London.
As of 2012, 91 per cent of operational expenditure is covered by passenger fares.
The Travelcard ticket was introduced in 1983 and Oyster, an electronic ticketing system, in 2003.
Athough not strictly correct, the term 'Tube' is nowadays often used both in official publicity and in general usage to embrace the whole Underground system, not just the lines that run in deep-level tunnels.
The schematic Tube map, designed by Harry Beck in 1931, was voted a national design icon in 2006 and now includes other lines - the Docklands Light Railway and London Overground - as well as the non-rail Emirates Air Line.
London Underground celebrated 150 years of operations in 2013, with various events marking the milestone.
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