The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg with a population of only 435,700 is bordered by Belgium on the north and west, Germany on the east, and France on the south.
It has an area of 2,586 sq km (998 sq mi).
Until the EU expansion of May 1 2004, Luxembourg was the smallest member country in the European Union (now Malta is the smallest EU member country).
Luxembourg is often divided in two parts: the northern plateau land called Ösling and the southern Gutland.
Ösling is part of the Ardennes , a rolling high plateau from the Devonian, dissected by narrow valleys.
Gutland is built up of sedimentary rocks from the Triassic and Jurassic.
Climate is sub-maritime in the north and somewhat more continental in the south.
About a third of the country is forested, originally mainly oak and beech forest, now to a considerable degree replaced by spruce plantations.
Luxembourg is one of the world's most industrialised countries and has the highest standard of living in the EU.
The GNP per capita is among the highest in the world, £48,727 in 2013.
The Economy is based on the steel industry and on banking.
Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a Grand Duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands.
It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839, but gained a larger measure of autonomy.
Full independence was attained in 1867.
Overrun by Germany in both World Wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year.
In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union) and in 1999 it joined the euro currency.
The center of Luxembourg is Luxembourg city and there are a number of other beautiful small cities and villages to visit.
Really worth a visit is Echternach and Vianden.
All places can be easily visited in a day from the capital or neighbouring Trier.
Article based on multiple sources: giganews.com, usenet.net, lcto.lu/en, visitluxembourg.com, facebook, twitter, youtube, wikipedia.
Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in Western Europe.
It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south.
It comprises two principal regions: the Oesling in the north as part of the Ardennes massif, and the Gutland ("good country") in the south.
Luxembourg has a population of 524,853 (as of October 2012) and an area of 2,586 square kilometres (998 sq mi), making it one of the smallest sovereign nations in Europe.
As a representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is headed by a grand duke and is the world's only remaining grand duchy.
Luxembourg is a developed country, with an advanced economy and the world's second highest GDP (PPP) per capita (after Qatar), according to the World Bank.
Its central location has historically made it of great strategic importance to numerous powers, dating back to its founding as a Roman fortress, its hosting of a vital Frankish castle during the Early Middle Ages, and its role as a bastion for the Spanish Road between 16th and 17th centuries.
Luxembourg is a member of the European Union, NATO, OECD, the United Nations, and Benelux, reflecting its political consensus in favour of economic, political, and military integration.
The city of Luxembourg, which is the capital and largest city, is the seat of several institutions and agencies of the EU.
On 18 October 2012, Luxembourg was elected to a temporary seat on the United Nations Security Council for the first time in its history.
The country will serve on the Security Council from 1 January 2013 until 31 December 2014.
Reflecting its geographic position, Luxembourg's culture is a fusion of Romanic and Germanic Europe, integrating customs of each.
Accordingly, Luxembourg is a trilingual country: Luxembourgish, French and German are official languages.
Although a secular state, Luxembourg is predominantly Roman Catholic.
In order to carry a positive action we must develop here a positive vision.